The technique of "hyperbolic crochet" was discovered in 1997 by Cornell University mathematician Dr. Daina Taimina.
In 2005 Margaret and Christine Wertheim "adopted Dr. Taimina's techniques and elaborated
upon them to develop a whole taxonomy of reef-life forms... ...The basic process
for making these forms is a simple pattern or algorithm, which on its
own produces a mathematically pure shape, but by varying or mutating
this algorithm, endless variations and permutations of shape and form
can be produced."